(1) Basic concepts of industrial engineering
Industrial Engineering (I.E.) is an emerging engineering science. As early as 1881, Frederick w. Taylor had the concept of industrial engineering, but in fact the knowledge of industrial engineering began in the 1920s, and it was only after the Second World War. In foreign countries, Taylor first advocated “time study,” while the F.B & Gilbreths were the founders of “work research”. (Editor's note:
For the origin of the study, see the article "Two Little Stories of Industrial Engineering" on the other page. It was not until the 1930s that their research was valued by the public, but officially became a motion and time study. Today, time science is the most basic part of industrial engineering and the basic concept of traditional industrial engineering.
In the beginning, the definition of working hours refers to the study of the methods, materials, tools and equipment for completing a job, and the time required.
And its purpose is
1. Seek the most cost-effective way to work:
2. Further confirm and stipulate the ideal standards for the selected working methods, material standards, tool specifications and equipment requirements;
3. Study and develop the standard time required for workers to complete;
4. Train and implement new methods.